Syria Caesar Act Designations

06/17/2020 - 10:38 AM



Washington, DC - More than six years ago, the brave photographer known as Caesar shocked the world by smuggling out of Syria the photographic proof that the Assad regime was torturing and executing many thousands of Syrians in the regime’s prisons.  This act of bravery is the inspiration behind the Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act (the Caesar Act), signed into law by President Trump 180 days ago, under which the U.S. Congress authorized severe economic sanctions to promote accountability for brutal acts against the Syrian people by the Assad regime and its foreign enablers.  As of today, the sanctions provisions of the Caesar Act are fully in effect.  Anyone doing business with the Assad regime, no matter where in the world they are, is potentially exposed to travel restrictions and financial sanctions.

Today, the Treasury Department and State Department are releasing 39 designations under the Caesar Act and Executive Order 13894 as the beginning of what will be a sustained campaign of economic and political pressure to deny the Assad regime revenue and support it uses to wage war and commit mass atrocities against the Syrian people.

We are designating the architect of this suffering Bashar Al-Assad and his wife Asma al-Assad pursuant to E.O. 13894 Section 2(a)(i)(A) and Section 2(a)(ii), respectively, as well as  funder of these atrocities Mohammed Hamsho and Iranian militia Fatemiyoun Division pursuant to E.O. 13894 2(a)(i)(D).  We are further designating Maher al-Assad, along with his Fourth Division of the Syrian Arab Army and its leadership Ghassan Ali Bilal and Samer al-Dana pursuant to E.O. 13894 Section 2(a)(i)(A).  Lastly, we are designating Bushra al-Assad, Manal al-Assad, Ahmad Sabir Hamsho, Amr Hamsho, Ali Hamsho, Rania al-Dabbas, and Sumaia Hamcho under E.O. 13894 Section 2(a)(ii).

We will continue this campaign in the coming weeks and months to target individuals and businesses that support the Assad regime and obstruct a peaceful, political resolution of the conflict as called for by UNSCR 2254.  We anticipate many  more sanctions and we will not stop until Assad and his regime stop their needless, brutal war against the Syrian people and the Syrian government agrees to a political solution to the conflict as called for by UNSCR 2254.   We will undertake our campaign of economic and political pressure in full cooperation with other like-minded nations, especially our European partners, who only three weeks ago renewed their own sanctions against the Assad regime for precisely the same reasons.

Many of the dozens of people and companies the U.S. government is sanctioning today have played a key role in obstructing a peaceful political solution to the conflict.  Others have aided and financed the Assad regime’s atrocities against the Syrian people while enriching themselves and their families.  I will make special note of the designation for the first time of Asma al-Assad, the wife of Bashar al-Assad, who with the support of her husband and members of her Akhras family has become one of Syria’s most notorious war profiteers.  Now anyone doing business with any of these persons or entities is at risk of sanctions.

For more than nine years, the Assad regime has waged a bloody war against the Syrian people and committed innumerable atrocities, some of which rise to the level of war crimes and crimes against humanity, including killings, torture, enforced disappearances, and the use of chemical weapons.  Since the conflict began, more than half a million Syrians have died and eleven million people – half of Syria’s pre-war population – have been displaced.  Bashar al-Assad and his regime squander tens of millions of dollars each month to fund their needless war, destroying homes, schools, shops, and public markets.  Their destructive war has exacerbated the humanitarian crisis, prevented life-saving assistance from reaching those in need, and brought misery to the Syrian people.

The United States remains committed to working with the UN and international partners to bring life-saving assistance to the Syrian people who continue to suffer at the hands of the Assad regime.  We are the single largest humanitarian donor for the Syrian people and since the start of the conflict, have provided over $10.6 billion in humanitarian assistance and over $1.6 billion in non-humanitarian and stabilization assistance across Syria, even in areas under Assad’s control.  The Caesar Act and other U.S. Syria sanctions do not target humanitarian assistance for the Syrian people or hinder our stabilization activities in northeast Syria.   We will continue our humanitarian assistance through our various international and Syrian partners, even in areas under regime control.

It is time for Assad’s needless, brutal war to end.  Today, the Assad regime and those who support it have a simple choice: take irreversible steps toward a lasting political solution to the Syrian conflict in line with UNSCR 2254 or face ever new tranches of crippling sanctions.


Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act

  • The President signed into law the “Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act of 2019” (the Caesar Act) on December 20, 2019.
  • Named after the Syrian photographer who bravely shared with the world thousands of photographs documenting torture in Assad’s prisons, the Caesar Act provides the U.S. government a powerful way to promote accountability for the regime’s atrocities.
  • Our sanctions under the Caesar Act and Executive Order 13894 are not intended to harm the Syrian people, but rather to promote accountability for the Assad regime’s violence and destruction that has killed hundreds of thousands of civilians; subjected thousands of Syrians to arbitrary detention, the majority of whom remain missing, and many of whom are exposed to torture and sexual violence; and devastated the country’s civilian infrastructure, including homes, hospitals, and marketplaces, resulting in the displacement of over half the population.  This Act is meant to send a clear signal that no foreign business should enter into business with or otherwise enrich such a regime.
  • Executive Order 13894 includes menu-based sanctions including travel restrictions to the United States and isolation from the United States’ financial system for foreign persons who engage in or finance the obstruction, prevention, or disruption of a ceasefire or political solution to the conflict in Syria and members of their family, among other actions.
  • Mandatory sanctions under the Caesar Act target foreign persons who facilitate the Assad regime’s acquisition of goods, services, or technologies that support the regime’s military activities as well as its aviation and oil and gas production industries.
  • The Caesar Act also mandates sanctions on those profiting off the Syrian conflict by engaging in reconstruction activities.
  • The United States will actively impose and enforce the full range of U.S. sanctions under EO 13894 and our other sanction authorities, including the Caesar Act, against the Assad regime and its enablers in order to exert maximum pressure on the Syrian regime towards full implementation of the political process.
  • The sanctions imposed on June 17 are the start of the Administration’s efforts to implement the Caesar Act.  We will continue to target those who enable the Assad regime to carry out atrocities and to needlessly prolong the Syrian conflict.
  • The Administration is committed to answering the calls of the Syrian people for a lasting political solution to the Syrian conflict in line with UNSCR 2254.
  • The Assad regime has a choice: take irreversible steps towards a peaceful resolution of the nearly decade-long conflict or face further crippling sanctions.
  • The United States Syria sanctions do not generally sanction bona fide humanitarian assistance or activity.  The implementation of the Caesar Act continues that practice, including by codifying the  general license under the Syrian Sanctions Regulations for NGO humanitarian activity.  Rather, the United States’ Syria and Syria-related sanctions prohibitions are designed to deter Bashar al-Assad and his regime from abusing the international financial system and global supply chain to continue brutalizing the Syrian people.  We also intend to prevent the Assad regime and its associates from profiteering from the war that the regime itself has thrust upon the Syrian people.
  • Since the beginning of our sanctions against the Assad regime, we have provided exemptions for humanitarian aid in all areas of Syria.   In fact, there are U.S. government programs working with NGOs to deliver medicines and foodstuff to nearly all parts of Syria, including regime-held areas.
  • We remain committed to ensuring that civilians living in Syria are able to receive humanitarian support from the international community.

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